News Letter

Windows Shortcuts – The Ultimate Keyboard Shortcut Guide

Publish on09-Mar-2015
Publish By : Barodaweb

Windows Shortcuts – The Ultimate Keyboard Shortcut Guide

Why Bother with Shortcuts?

? All keys will appear in bold and keyboard combinations will appear in bold, italic font.
? Keyboard shortcuts that need to be pressed at the same time will use a + symbol (e.g. CTRL + S).
? Combinations that need to be pressed one after another will use a > (e.g. CTRL > T).
? There are various strategies for committing shortcuts to memory, including subliminally bolding letters of commands that match their shortcuts. If you don't find these helpful, glaze over them!
? The SHIFT key is used as a "reverse" function for many key combinations. For example, SPACE will jump down a set amount on a web page, so SHIFT + SPACE will move back up that same amount. A note will be made when this applies to a shortcut.
? Control will be abbreviated as CTRL.
? Windows Key is abbreviated as WIN.
? LEFT, RIGHT, UP, and DOWN refer to the arrow keys.
? Remember that no two keyboards are the same; some laptop keyboards may have Function (FN) keys that perform their own functions on the F1-F12 keys.


Universal Windows Shortcuts

Most Common and Useful Shortcuts

Cut, Copy, and Paste

? CTRL + X to cut highlighted text (remove it and place it on the clipboard)
? CTRL + C to copy text (place a copy of the text on the clipboard)
? CTRL + V to paste text (copy the clipboard to the cursor position)

These shortcuts located all in a row on the standard QWERTY keyboard, making them easy to locate. To keep them straight, think of X as making a cut, C standing for copy, and then V, the only one left, is the arrowhead pointing downwards for dropping or inserting what was saved to the clipboard! Don't forget that copy-pasting works for more than just text; images are fair game, as well.

Select All

To select everything in the current space, use CTRL + A. If you're typing in a textbox in Chrome, for example, this shortcut will select all the text you've typed. If you click any old point on a page, you'll select every element, including images and other formatting.
Selecting all is most useful when you're trying to work with a bunch of files at once, or perhaps to grab everything you've just typed and re-use it elsewhere. Manually dragging the mouse over the selection is much slower.

Undo & Redo

CTRL + Z will undo any action and is your best friend when doing any sort of work on your computer, especially tasks prone to errors such as image editing or formatting a document. Its counterpart, CTRL + Y, will redo a previously undone action. Use these two regularly and your mistakes will be vanquished in an instant!

Delete Routines

When typing, instead of using Backspace to delete one character at a time, use CTRL + Backspace to delete entire words at once. This also works with CTRL + DEL to delete one word in front of the cursor.

Save, Open, and Print Files

Use CTRL + S to save whatever file you're working on – and do it often so you don't lose your work! In a browser, this can also be used to save a page for offline viewing.
CTRL + O will open a file into whatever program you're using.
Keeping in the CTRL family, CTRL + P is the universal command to print. Many folks are striving to go paperless, but most of us need to print for work or perhaps that relative who still doesn't have a computer. Those who print websites often should utilize tools to make printing web pages more presentable so you're not printing a bunch of ads and other useless material.

Close Windows and Tabs

We'll talk about using shortcuts to open programs in Windows, but you can just as easily close out of your work with a few taps. Try ALT + F4 to close any window (identical to clicking the X in the top-right corner) or CTRL + F4 to close out just the current tab. Alternatively, CTRL + W will also close your tab.

Search Documents

When you're stuck searching for a word in a huge PDF document, web page, or other application, CTRL + F will open the Find bar (see, it matches!). Type anything in and you can use ENTER to snap to the next result; SHIFT + ENTER will go back one hit.

Move Between Windows, Tabs, and Monitors

How often do you find yourself switching between programs by clicking on their taskbar icons? Even if you've beefed up your taskbar, using ALT + TAB is faster as it lets you instantly switch between your last two opened applications.
Holding ALT lets you see everything that's open and allows you to TAB to any program. You can use SHIFT to step backwards, or WIN + TAB and the same process if you like your switching to be a bit fancier. Chris covered even more ALT + TAB tricks if you're digging this shortcut. Note that in Windows 10 WIN + TAB will open the virtual desktop screen (see below).
Similarly, using CTRL + TAB inside a program will switch between all open tabs. This works in browsers and any other application with a tabbed interface

Open File Explorer & System Properties

Using Windows Explorer lets you browse all the files on your machine; one of the places you probably end up most is the Computer page to view your attached drives and devices. Get there instantly with WIN + E. Those that perform tech support for family and friends often need information about their loved ones' systems, such as whether their copy of Windows is 32-bit or 64-bit. Pressing WIN + PAUSE/BREAK will bring up the System Properties panel with basic information about your PC that you can share with whoever is helping you.

Show Desktop

When you have tons of windows open and need to access a file on your desktop (or just want to admire an awesome wallpaper), press WIN + D to instantly show the desktop. You can tap it again to get back to where you were.

Minimize & Maximize Windows

Similarly, if you need to clear your mind from the insanity of work for a minute, pressing WIN + M will quickly minimize all open windows. Once you're ready to get back in the action use SHIFT + WIN + M to get everything back open.

Lock System

You've read plenty about securing your computer, but none of your measures will do much good if your system is accessible to anyone who walks by! To quickly lock your computer as you stand up to walk away, use WIN + L. If you've ever had someone leave a goofy Facebook update for you when you're away from your computer, you'll appreciate this one.

Open Security Screen & Task Manager

One shortcut as old as Windows itself that most people resort to when their system freezes up is CTRL + ALT + DEL. In modern versions of Windows, this will bring up the Windows security screen that lets you change your password or log off, among other things. The program you're probably looking for is the Task Manager, which is directly accessed by the CTRL + SHIFT + ESC combo. Once you're there, be sure you know what's going on with our guide to the Task Manager.


Windows 8/8.1 Shortcuts

Open Charms Bar & Search

WIN + C will open the Charms bar, the central hub for searching, sharing, and accessing settings. You can use swipe gestures in Windows 8 to get there as well, but those can be annoying and activate by accident.
Since you can't just tap WIN and start searching like in Windows 7, use WIN + Q to open the Search charm from anywhere. This lets you search for files, settings, and even the Web if you like.
Other important Charm items have shortcuts too: WIN + I will jump you to Settings, WIN + W lets you start searching settings (great if you need to find a buried Control Panel item).

Access System Tools

WIN + X launches Windows Tools, a useful menu containing shortcuts to common utilities like the Control Panel, Device Manager, or Programs menu. Since the Start menu that used to hold all these shortcuts was removed in Windows 8, this group of commands is quite convenient. Should you find yourself using this frequently, expanding the Windows Tools menu with a third-party program is a good plan.

On Windows 7, this menu doesn't exist, so WIN + X brings up the Windows Mobility Center instead. It's still useful, especially on laptops where you change settings like screen brightness, volume, and display mode frequently.

Snap Windows

You can snap windows to either side of your screen (an Aero feature left in Windows 8) for dual-pane working; using WIN + . (Period) snaps the current App to the right side of the screen and WIN + SHIFT + . (Period) throws it to the left.

Windows 10 Shortcuts

Snap Windows

Windows 10 increases the functionality of window snapping. In addition to WIN + LEFT and WIN + RIGHT, try WIN + UP and WIN + DOWN to snap your windows side-by-side vertically. Using all four, you can now display four windows at once in a little 2 x 2 grid.

Open Task View

Previously, you had to utilize third-party tools for virtual desktops, but the new Windows runs them natively.
? WIN + TAB goes from displaying a nice visual effect (in Windows 7) to an essential new menu – the Task View. Once you tap the key combination, you'll be able to let the buttons go and choose between open programs in your current virtual environment.
? ALT + TAB is the same as before, except you can switch between programs from any desktop.
On the subject of virtual desktops, you'll also want to use WIN + CTRL + D to create a new virtual desktop environment, WIN + CTRL + F4 to close your active desktop (remember that ALT + F4 closes open windows, so this is the same idea), and WIN + CTRL + LEFT/RIGHT to toggle between your open desktops.

Open Settings App

Windows 10 no longer contains a Charms bar. At the time of writing this manual, WIN + C had no function. WIN + I, which previously opened the Charms bar Settings, now opens the Settings app, which is a modern Control Panel.

Navigate Command Prompt

Windows 10 includes some long-awaited new shortcuts that make using the command prompt much more user-friendly. Instead of having to right click and choose Paste, you'll finally be able to use CTRL shortcuts to edit text when on the command line.
Before you try these, the How-To Geek explains how to enable the new shortcuts: right click on the title bar of a command prompt, choose Properties, and under the Experimental tab check the box next to Enable new CTRL key shortcuts.
? Just like other places in Windows, you can now use CTRL + C to copy text, CTRL + V to paste text, and CTRL + A to select everything on the console window.
? Managing multiple lines of commands is much simpler when using SHIFT + Arrows to move the cursor and select text; up and down move one line, while left and right move one character at a time. Holding CTRL + SHIFT + Arrows will move one word at a time. Keep holding down SHIFT to select more text.
? SHIFT + HOME/END will move your cursor to the start or end of the current line, selecting all text on that line with it. Adding CTRL to this shortcut will move to the beginning or end of the entire output.
? Holding SHIFT + PAGE UP/DOWN scrolls the cursor by a whole screen, and as you might guess, also selects the text on said page.
? Using CTRL + UP/DOWN lets you scroll one line at a time (just like using the scroll bar on the right), while CTRL + PAGE UP/DOWN moves a whole page up or down.
? CTRL + M lets you enter a "marking mode" to mark text. Since you can highlight text now using SHIFT, you might not need this shortcut. You can finally use CTRL + F to search for text in a command prompt.


Specific Software Shortcuts

All Browsers

Whether you're surfing with Chrome, Firefox, Opera, or even good old Internet Explorer, these shortcuts will get you around with less clicks.

Switch and Open Tabs

? CTRL + 1-8 will switch instantly to that numbered tab, just like WIN + 1-0 switches to programs on the taskbar. Also, CTRL + 9 jumps to the last tab even if you have way too many tabs open.
? CTRL + T will open a new tab; in combination with powerful browser omniboxes, you can instantly start typing a search term after using this shortcut.
? If you need to re-open a tab you just closed (this probably happens on a daily basis), CTRL + SHIFT + T makes it reappear in a flash.

Open Links

When you want to open a link but don't want it to take over your current page, CTRL + Left Click it to open it in a new tab. You can also Middle Click the link for the same result. CTRL + SHIFT + Left Click will do the same as the above, but you'll be brought to the new tab instead of it being left for later.

Go Back and Forth, Refresh, and Stop Loading

Instead of using your browser's back and forward buttons, ALT + LEFT will go back, and ALT + RIGHT goes forward if applicable. For as often as you navigate pages, this is definitely one worth getting into the habit of using. When you need to quickly refresh a web page for various reasons, F5 will do it for you. To override the browser's cache and fully reload the page if it's being finicky, use CTRL + F5. If you want to stop a page from loading, ESC will cease the page's activities.

Go Home

Having taken the time to set up an awesome homepage, you'll want to visit it whenever you can. ALT + HOME will bring you back where the heart is.


This one doesn't do anything in the browser itself, but many websites (including sending email with any provider, posting messages on Facebook and Twitter, and PC texting apps such as MightyText) use CTRL + ENTER as an equivalent to clicking Send or Enter.

Zoom In or Out

Sometimes it's too hard to read text on a page, or perhaps you need to inspect an image from close-up. To quickly scroll, use CTRL + +/- to go in or out. You can also hold CTRL and slide the mouse wheel instead of using the + and - buttons for faster scaling. To jump back to standard zoom, a quick tap of CTRL + 0 makes everything look normal again.

Address Bar Shortcuts

CTRL + L instantly focuses the cursor on the address bar so you can paste in a URL or search for a term. Once in the address bar, CTRL + ENTER will add "www." before your text and ".com" to the end of it. So instead of manually entering "", you can just type "makeuseof" CTRL + ENTER and your browser will fill in the boring parts. Navigate Menus
Use a few shortcuts to jump to the sub-menus of your browser. CTRL + H opens the history, CTRL + J will bring you to your downloads, CTRL + D adds the current site to your bookmarks, and CTRL + SHIFT + DEL opens the prompt to clear the browsing history.


Make Your Own Shortcuts

If you're not satisfied with the variety of hotkeys available to you, it's time to make your own shortcuts. Since they're user-created, they're incredibly versatile – you can use them to just open a few of your favorite programs, or make in-depth shortcuts that perform a string of functions for you. Here's a basic overview of what you can do.

Launch a Program with a Shortcut

Go-to programs that you use all the time shouldn't be more than a few taps away. To make a custom shortcut, first find the program you want to use and create a shortcut icon for it. Place the shortcut anywhere, then right-click it. Choose Properties and in the Shortcut Properties box, type your combination into the Shortcut button.

Keep in mind that though all shortcuts made here start with CTRL + ALT, it can't be a combo that's already in use elsewhere, so pick something unique. Launching multiple programs with one command is possible – give it a shot if you have applications that you like to launch in pairs.


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